Psychosis is a state in which an individual loses some of their connection with ‘reality.‘ An individual experiencing a psychotic episode may have hallucinations, delusions, significant paranoia, and/or disorganized thinking and speech. These episodes are often very frightening and confusing and can cause individuals to withdraw from friends, family, and work or school. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Psychosis (CBT) targets the cognitive and behavioural factors that are involved in, and maintain psychotic experiences. Often in conjunction with medication, CBT has been shown to be effective in helping individuals who have experienced psychosis to reduce the intensity and distress stemming from their symptoms, as well as to help them to re-engage with professional and social circles. Treatment with CBT is based on an understanding of the individual who is struggling with psychotic experiences, including the ways in which these experiences may be related to an individual’s previous history (i.e. bullying, trauma or abuse) or underlying beliefs about themselves or others. Individuals who have experienced psychosis often encounter stigma (from themselves and from others) and have experienced significant losses, both of which may affect an individual’s self-esteem and engender self-defeating beliefs. CBT can also work to help individuals recognize their own strengths and resilience, to foster a stronger sense of self-esteem, and to reinforce more adaptive patterns of thinking and behaviour.